Science – Costa Rica
Costa Rica has an international reputation as a leader in sustainability and environmental protection. How did a small country in Central America with 6% of the world’s biodiversity establish global standards for conservation and regeneration in less than 80 years?
To answer this question we will meet with experts in the field, from diverse areas of study, to take a deeper look at their efforts, vision, research and challenges to discover their passion and love for nature. We will follow the trade winds from coast to coast while discovering various life zones, endangered species and protected areas.
We will explore the fascinating geology of Costa Rica and its active volcanoes, the endemic species of the misty cloudforest that are at threat due to climate change, the rare Tropical Dry Wood Forest of the Pacific, the dense rainforests of the Caribbean, the one thousand shades of green that can be found in the Amazon of Central America, Tortuguero and the thriving indigenous communities in Talamanca.
Further, we will visit agricultural businesses that choose environmentally-friendly means of production, opposed to mass production, to allow the land sufficient time for regeneration.
Additionally, we’ll visit the Costa Rican Institute of Coffee to understand the chemistry that is behind understanding which coffee can withstand different climates, reduce impact on the environment and yield a better product. Throughout this journey we will meet with wonderful locals to understand the pulse of this incredible country and discover the true meaning of Pura Vida.
- Plate Tectonics
- Volcanic processes and materials
- Weather patterns
- Speciation of native plants and animals (vertebrate and invertebrate)
- Invasive Species
- Biodiversity (Life zones and biodiversity in Costa Rica)
- Field sampling techniques on geotermia
- Mangrove forests
- Climate change and beach erosion
- Sea Turtles (Biology of Sea
- Turtles, Ecology of Sea Turtles, Critical habitats, Threats, Reproduction,
- Lifecycle, Covid and Conservation or Sea Turtles, Malformation of sea turtle embryos, 2020 Results)
- Regulation of natural resources (Law and wildlife conservation in Costa Rica)
- Conservation (Pacuare Reserve, 31 years of conservation)
- Conservation (From the view of indigenous of Talamanca)
Field sampling techniques ( Sea Turtles)
- Eco and Sustainable
- Coffee Institute of Costa Rica (Icafe)
- Sustainable Farming and
- Environmental Education and much more!
Tortuguero National Park, Cahuita National Park, Bribri Indigenous Reserve, Pacuare Reserve, Arenal Volcano National Park, Tenorio National Park, Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Palo Verde National Park, Rincón de la Vieja National Park, Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica Institute of Coffee, Paradise Organic Pineapple Farm, Don Juan Coffee Farm and much more!
Scene 1 Welcome to Costa RicaIntroduction to Costa Rica, a small country which contains more than 5% of the world's biodiversity.
Scene 2 Time Warp: Pacuare Reserve ArrivalTime Warp: Boat trip towards Pacuare reserve.Marvin's StoryMarvin, one of our guides in Costa Rica introduces himself.
Scene 3 Meet ClaudioClaudio, an expert on sea turtles introduces himself and what led him to study sea turtles.PacuareArial views of Pacuare and the shore line.
Scene 4 Welcome to Pacuare ReservePacuare reserve is a great example of success in conservation. Over the last 31 years they've created one of the most important beaches for Leatherback Turtle nesting.Environmental ProtectionThis small country has almost 26% of its land protected as National Parks and what laws protect the wildlife.
Scene 5 Blue Flag Water ProtectionThe Blue Flag that certifies clean and unpolluted water.Savage BullfrogThe nocturnal Savage Bullfrog is the biggest of its kind.Red eyed Tree FrogIn the search of the most colorful and special frog: the Redeyed Tree Frog.
Scene 6 Aquatic Veterinarian's NeededThe nature reserve and their research into turtle nests and hatchlings. As well, discussion of their limitations and needs for partnerships to further their research.Data CollectionResearch is the most important part of the reserve, with the main goal of understanding the threats to the sea turtle population.
Scene 7 Boa ConstrictorThis snake can grow up to 6 feet, and is one of the strongest snakes in Costa Rica.Sea Turtle MonitoringClaudio describes some of the methods used in gathering data about sea turtle nests.
Scene 8 Sea Turtle Nest OverviewProtective canisters cover the nests, in order to mitigate the predation of other animals and also to provide the right amount of shade.
Scene 9 Threats of Climate ChangeThe impact that climate change has had on the nesting of the sea turtles.
Scene 10 Intro to Volunteer TrainingLearning step-by-step how to work with a sea turtle during research.Time Warp: Sand Sea TurtleTime Warp: Creating a sand turtle for volunteer training
Scene 11 Species of Sea TurtlesOverview of the local species of sea turtles in Costa Rica.Conservation and COVIDReveiwing the data and impact of the reserve. The impact of COVID is also discussed.Tico TriviaClaudio gives rapid-fire answers to common questions about sea turtles.Nest RelocationBecause of COVID, some nests had to be relocated- the reasons for, and impacts of this action.Volunteer ExperienceVolunteering rates were impacted by the pandemic- the impact this understaffing had on the sea turtles' nests.
Scene 12 Hatchlings ReleaseHatchlings of the Green Turtle in Pacuare.Hatchling BiometricsCollecting as much data possible from the hatchling before they are released, 15 were collected to weigh and measure before being released.
Scene 13 Exhumation Hatchling Success RateSampling the hatch rate of the eggs, and then studying the unhatched.Hatchling ReleaseExhuming a nest is key for gathering data, and informing us about the reasons some hatchlings don't make it to the surface.
Scene 14 Hembra Ocelote (Leopardus Pardalis) - Trap cameras are put in specific locations to track animals in the wild and to better understand their behavior.Ocelot.Zariguella (Didelphis Marsupialis Depredando Cangrejo)Trap camera: Opossum.Tamandua Mexicana - Trap camera: Tamandua MexicanaAnteater.Tepezcuintle (Agouti Paca)Trap cameras: Lowland Paca.Mapache Boreal (Procyon Lotor)Trap camera: Racoon.IguanaTrap camera: Iguana.Tolomuco (Eira Barbara)Trap camera: Tayra.Roadside Hawk (Rupornis Magnirostris)Trap camera: Roadside Hawk.Saíno (Tayassu Tajacu)Trap camera: Collard PeccaryMusk Hog.Pavon (Crax Rubra)Trap camera: Great Curassow.Veil MushroomTrap camera: Veil Mushroom and Ants.Jaguar (Panthera Onca)Trap camera: Jaguar.
Scene 15 Reserve Departure - Time Warp: Departuring from the nature reserve by boat. /Departure and InvitationDeparting Reserva Pacuare, and a few words from the team.
Scene 16 Cahuita WelcomeWelcome to Cahuita National Park.
Scene 17 Cahuita National Park IntroductionIntroduction to Cahuita National Park, a place where one can find monkeys, toucans, sloths and also and amazing coral reef.Meet LudrickOur local guide Ludrick, introduces himself and talks about growing up in Costa Rica.
Scene 18 Green IguanaA green iguana sunbathing to regulated its body temperature.National ParkTime Warp: Walking through Cahuita National Park.
Scene 19 Paper WaspsPaper wasps are very aggressive and they create their hive from tree sap.
Scene 20 Two Toed SlothViewing and discussing two-toed sloths.
Scene 21 Army AntsViewing and discussing army ants.
Scene 22 Leafcutter AntsColonies can reach five million members, making these little animals some most effective workers in the rainforest.
Scene 23 Long-Nosed BatsPart of the largest family of mammals in the world.Tent Making BatsTent making bats are very special architects, being skilled enough to bend leaves for shelter.
Scene 24 Cahuita TermitesTermites in the rainforest can be used in a variety of unexpected ways.
Scene 25 Green Basilisk LizardGreen basilisk lizards and their unique abilities.
Scene 26 Marine DiversityA walk along the shore to discuss the some of the marine life found in the area.
Scene 27 Howler and White Face Capuchin MonkeysWalking through the park we get a close view of several monkeys in the trees.
Scene 28 Sea BeanThe monkey heart seed, it's qualities and uses.Hunting Callsand ToolsHunting calls, and traditional weapons.Bribri IntroCatato is a local member of the indigenous Bribri tribe. He will show us how to make a natural rope from the fiber of a plant.
Scene 29 TurmericTurmeric: A traditional medicinal plant with a high concentration of antioxidants.CalabashThe various uses of the calabash gourd.
Scene 30 Bribri CacaoOpening a cacao fruit and its flavor.
Scene 31 Bribri Nutmeg - Bribri NutmegThe Nutmeg tree, its seed and its use in traditional medicine.
Scene 32 Bribri AchioteThe achiote and its culinary and ritual uses.Pita RopeThis natural fiber is used to build hamacoks, neckless, etc.
Scene 33 Walking PalmA member of the coconut family, this palm tree, whose wood is used in a variety of ways, can move to find more sunlight.Glue TreeThe fruit of this tree is used to create glue.Indigo and Rubber TreeLearn about the natural blue dye from the indigo plant and also the rubber tree.
Scene 34 Tree and Traditional ClothingThe bark of the Mastate was traditionally used to create a material very similar in texture to leather, which the natives used to create clothing.
Scene 35 Shaman HouseThe most important building of their Bribri community is the Shaman's house, because it is the place were they teach the kids about their culture, and also were they practice traditional shamanism.Dart FrogsDiscussion of local dart frogs while visiting a habitat made for them.
Scene 36 Stevia and Cacao TreeNatural sugar from this medicinal plant, and also; the pollination and fruit of the cacao tree.
Scene 37 Noni, Anis and CinnamonDifferent types of natural medicine found in the tropical forest.
Scene 38 Toasting CacaoA brief history of cacao. First step in making hot chocolate: Roasting the cacao.Hot CacaoFourth and final step: Mixing the paste into hot water.Grinding CacaoThird step: Grinding the pulvarized beans into a paste.Peeling CacacoSecond step in making hot chocolate: Separating the beans form the shells.Meet the Family and ProjectTito, the eldest son of Catato, gives us a brief history of their small business.
Scene 39 Preparing CoconutsLocal farmer talks about harvesting coconuts and what goes into a day's workPreparing Coconuts 360°Overview of the process of peeling coconuts.
Scene 40 DeforestationArial view of deforestation in favor of a banana plantation.Time Warp: PavonesTime Warp: Travel to Pavones.
Scene 41 Preparing CoconutsLearn about coconuts: how to peel them and how much they cost.Time Warp: Tortuguero RiverTime Warp: Tortuguero River
Scene 42 Tortuguero IntroductionTortuguero is a rich ecosystem thanks to the sedimentation coming from the highlands of Costa Rica.Tortuguero Spider MonkeysThis type of monkey is the most flexible and faster mover of the local monkey species, their diet is mostly base on fruit.
Scene 43 Sustainability and TraditionTortuguero was a place for poaching eggs, but more recently, conservation became the main goal of this town.Guava Ice Cream BeanShowing and discussing a local favorite.TortugueroArial views above Tortuguero.Mature CoconutsThe effort required to husk a mature coconut.Opening CoconutOpening a coconut to enjoy its milk.Young CoconutA convenient way to retrieve the meat of the coconut.
Scene 44 Great Green MacawThese amazing animals are vulnerable because of hunting for their feathers, but in the recent years we have seen the population increasing in this area.Town WalkA walk through the town with an avian cameo.
Scene 45 Ready to GoAdventure awaits in the "Mini-Amazon of Central America.
Scene 46 Tortuguero River IntroductionAn introduction to the river and its surroundings.
Scene 47 Introduction to SpeciesUpon a canoe, we are introduced to some of the species found in the Tortuguero River.
Scene 48 Aquatic VegetationThe types of creatures attracted to these habitats of aquatic vegetation.River OtterRiver Otters, their diet and bravery.SAA 360° Global Learning | Green Heron Yellow Crown Night HeronSpotting a Green Heron and discussing its clever fishing techniques, followed by a Yellow Crown Night Heron.River OttersA glimpse of a piar of river otters as they swim.
Scene 49 Green IguanaViewing and discussing male green iguanas.Green IguanaThe "chicken of the tree" is a part of the diet of the locals of Tortuguero.Tree Conservation and MacawThis mountain almond tree is the main source of food for the Great Green Macaw.Logging and ReforestationIn the past, Tortuguero was a land used for logging, but this reality has changed thanks to conservation efforts.
Scene 50 Purple Gallnue BirdAn acuatic bird which nests in the vegetation.Anhinga BirdAfter fishing, the anhinga needs to go to a branch to dry the feathers.Great PotooPotoo are hard to find because of their exceptional camouflage and nocturnal nature.JacanaViewing a pair of Jacana as they search for food in the water, discussion of their breeding habits as well.Snake Dog BirdVarious behaviors or discussed while one is perched on a nearby branch.
Scene 51 Rafia PalmThis plant was used to be used for roofs of houses.Monkey FruitPicking and discussing Monkey Fruit.Howler Monkey CallsListening to, and discussing the calls of howler monkeys.Spectacled CaimanDiscussing the spectacled caiman.Common Slider TurtleDiscussion of their behavior as we view one sunbathing upon a log.
Scene 52 Long Nose BatsLong nosed bats are the natural control of pests like mosquitoes.Time Warp: CanalsTime Warp: The canals of Tortuguero.Jungle CanalA canoe ride through the jungle.
Scene 53 Sea Turtle ConservancyThe Sea Turtle Conservancy was the pioneer of conservation in Tortuguero. Dr. Archie Carr was one of the first to realize the value of this place.Sea Turtle Conservancy 360°A tour through the conservatory's museum.
Scene 54 Nesting BeachIntroduction to the town and beach of Tortuguero, as wall as an introduction to one of the data collection methods.
Scene 55 Rio Frio Breakfast BuffetViewing and describing typical, local breakfast options.
Scene 57 Arenal Volcano Night HikeWalking to the top of Arenal Volcano to make sunrise videos.
Scene 58 Night HikeStarting on the night hike, and sharing some of the town's history and development.
Scene 59 Night Hike Steam VentsThese areas that are releasing heat are sign of an active volcano, and they are a perfect area for mold and ferns to grow.Steam VentsArriving at the steam vents during the night hike.
Scene 60 Volcano SunriseSunrise from atop Arenal Volcano.Time Warp: Volcano SunriseTime Warp: Sunrise from Arenal Volcano.
Scene 61 Sunrise SteamGlimpsing the sunrise through the steam and fog.
Scene 62 Steam Vents WalkLooking over the valley from atop the Arenal Volcano.Arenal VolcanoArial views of the Arenal Volcano.
Scene 63 Post Hike WalkWalking back down Arenal Volcano.
Scene 64 Rio Fortuna WaterfallArial views of the waterfall.
Scene 65 Meet Don JuanThis sustainable farm is guided by the pillars of: Production, Education and Conservation.Don Juan Educational FarmArial views and introduction to the farm and its mission.
Scene 66 Medicinal PlantsIntroduction to plants used in traditional medicine, which are grown at the farm.
Scene 67 Cassava HarvestingLearn how to harvest a cassava and which are the toxic layers that protect, and which we consume.
Scene 68 GeometryLearn about mathematics at work in the fields.
Scene 69 CalabashUsed as s water container as well as souvenirs.
Scene 70 Pollinator GardensDiscussion of the role of beesm flowers and pollination on the farm.
Scene 71 TilapiaCatching a freshwater tilapia.
Scene 72 PapayaWalking through a papaya orchard and discussing the trees and their fruit.
Scene 73 MoringaHow to make Moringa Juice. Moringa is used in traditional medicine and it's proported benefits are mentioned.
Scene 74 Fill The BucketA friendly competition to fill the bucket with sand.
Scene 75 Educational Farm BiogasBiogas is produced thanks to leftover food and the excrement of cows and pigs.
Scene 76 LunchWe see lunch being prepared and learn a bit about what is cooking.
Scene 77 Extracting Sugar Cane JuiceUsing the "trapiche" we see sugarcane can be processed.Sugar Cane TreatsTraditional sugarcane candy.Raw SugarcaneEnjoying raw sugarcane.
Scene 78 Marimba MusicThe marimba is the national instrument of Costa Rica- A brief history and demonstrations.
Scene 79 Tree of PeaceViews and discussion of the "Tree of Peace."
Scene 80 Tenorio CaldosasEnjoying a typical, local snack before entering the park.
Scene 81 Tenorio National Park RainforestRainforests play host to a great competition between species trying to get as much sunlight as possible.Rufous Tailed HummingbirdWatching the beautiful Rufous-Tailed Hummingbird, the most common in Costa Rica.
Scene 82 TapirsThese huge mammals play an important role in the local ecosystem.
Scene 83 Rainforest InterconnectionThe forest is interconnected, sharing nutrients. The role of decomposition and fungus in this process.
Scene 84 Tapir TracksThe tapir plays a very important in the ecosystem, like dispersion of seed along the forest. Examining its droppings and spotting some fresh tracks.Tapir SightingThe dark form of a tapir can be spotted moving through the foliage.
Scene 85 TimeWarp: Rio CelesteTime Warp: Walking to the Rio Celeste waterfall.Rio Celeste Waterfall 360°Arial views of the Rio Celeste Waterfall.
Scene 86 Rio Celeste WaterfallIntroduction to this beautiful waterfall and teasing the cause of its remarkable color.
Scene 87 GeologyTenorio volcano has an interesting formation known as an "escudo" shape having 3 craters.
Scene 88 ResearchThe focus of the National Park's research is monitoring the tapir also birds migrations.Meet The RangerIsaac is the director of research and the administrator in the Tenorio National Park.
Scene 89 Volcanic GasThis is a crack in the earth's crust that allows gas to mix with the water to create "borbollones"
Scene 90 Optical-IllusionThe combination of the concentration of aluminum silicate in the River Buena Vista mixed with the Rio Agrio which has a very high Ph level creates this brillant color.The Myth of Rio CelesteTenory and Eskameca: The story of the chief's wife, who was bathing in a lake where she was attack by a monster.
Scene 91 Wind Patterns, Climate Change and Life ZonesCloud forests are formed by the intertwining wind patterns which creates condensation at the top of the mountains.Conservation, Sustainable Tourism and ResearchScience played an important role in Monteverde's transformation from a dairy farm to one of the most researched cloud forests in the world.Introduction to MonteverdeMonteverde is a cloud forest located in the Tilaran Mountain range, where a community of Quakers arrived in 1951.Tico TriviaA round of "Tico Trivia" with facts about Costa Rica.
Scene 92 Climate ChangeDiscussion of the negative impacts of climate change.History of CCTCentro Cientifico Tropical is a nonprofit organization founded in 1961, focusing on deeper study of the rain forest.Meet CCTFabricio and Silvia, employees of CCT, tell us their story of getting in to the world of nature.BiodiversityMonteverde is one of the most studied cloud forests in the world, with more that 3,200 species of plants, it is a special climate for flora and fauna.MonteverdeArial views of Monteverde.
Scene 93 Children's Eternal RainforestThe biggest non-profit nature reserve in Costa Rica, which was founded in 1986 thanks to the donation of students from Sweden.
Scene 94 Rice Fields Roseate SpoonbillOne of the most colourful aquatic birds in Costa Rica, they have a specialized bill.
Scene 95 Meet OET - Introduction to OETThe Organization for Tropical Studies.
Scene 96 HerbariumBotanists collect plant species for the herbarium, to keep track of new ones and compare them with others.
Scene 97 Park HistoryHistory of the park- Its transformation from a cattle ranch to a national park.
Scene 98 Street Vendor CoatiA vendor selling and describing some local dishes, including "Rosquillas Guanacastecas."Street Vendor Coati"Gordo" a friendly coatimundi.
Scene 99 Rincon de la ViejaArial views accompanied by an introduction to Rincon de la Vieja.
Scene 100 SeismologyA mechanism to study the interior of the Earth.Water ChemistryStudying water chemistry is important to better understanding volcanic activity.Types of Heat TransferThe three ways of transporting the heat are: conduction, radiation and convection.VolcanologistGino tells us how he fell in love with the geology and volcanology.
Scene 101 ExtremophilesThese primitive organisms adapt to this extreme environment in very high temperatures.
Scene 102 Taking Field SamplesCollecting samples to study at the laboratory, we will learn about the different tools we can use to collect data.
Scene 103 Sauna BelowThe odor of the gases released from a hot spring and their sources.Fumarole SaunaEntering the sauna.
Scene 104 FumaroleExplanation of the different colors in the rocks.
Scene 105 Volcanoes and ThreatsAcid rain, pyroclastic flow and ash falling are the biggest threats to people living near a volcano.Time Warp: Lava FlowTime Warp: Walking over one of the newest lava flows.Anatomy of VolcanoExamining and explaning a previous lava flow, including how the nature of the crystalization can yield data.Anatomy of VolcanoFurther discussion of the lava flow and signs of volcanic activity.
Scene 106 Lahar DepositsEvidence and warning signs of volcanic activity.Lahar FallA violent mudflow caused by volcanic activity.
Scene 107 Long-tail Manaking and Local Bird SpeciesMating behavior and general discussion on this local species.Natural Mineral SpringThis river, though not as hot as most, still has a strong concentration of minerals but isn't very informative about volcanic activity.
Scene 108 Community and VolcanoThe impact of nearby active volcanoes on a local community.Meet The Deputy MayorThe Mayor's office is responsible for the safety of the community and to be prepared for volcanic activity.
Scene 109 Keel Billed ToucanThis amazing toucan is the second largest of the six species found in Costa Rica.Geothermal TourismDiscussions with a resort owner and a volcanologist on how the nearby geothermal energy facilitiy can have a negative effect on the natural hot springs of their resort.
Scene 110 Super VolcanoExplanation of volcanic processes and views of the crater of an extinct super volcano.GeomorphologyGeomorphology is the record we have of volcanic activity.
Scene 111 Stratigraphy and ProjectionsStratigraphy and the study of volcanic strata.Stratigraphy and LayersIntorduction and explanation of the field work that goes into stratigraphy.
Scene 112 Tectonic PlatesLearn about the subduction of tectonic plates and how it produces magma.Geol His Costa RicaCosta Rica is young and very dynamic land mass because of the two tectonic plates and the surrounding volcanoes.Quiz ChallengeMany questions about volcanoes are answered by to Gino, in two minutes.
Scene 113 Meet AndresWe meet Andres and he explains how he fell in love with nature.Tropical Dry ForestWalking through a native tropical dry forest, discussing it and some of the fauna found therein.Day PlanOverview of the day's plan and route to visit Guiniquil and the border of Costa RIca and Nicaragua.Time Warp: Santa RosaTime Warp: Driving to Santa Rosa.
Scene 114 Black IguanaA common reptile in the Guanacaste conservation area, they play an important role in the forest spreading seeds.
Scene 115 Forest RestorationThe restoration process and it's impact.Invasive Species (Jaragua Grass)This invasive grass was introduced in the 1800's for cattle grazing.
Scene 116 Erythroxylum Havanense PlantThis is small plant is a relative of the famous Erythroxylum Coca from South America.Chicle TreeThe Chicle Tree has a very special sap that was used for producing chewing gum.Banisteriopsis Muricata PlantA beautiful local flowering plant which grows even in difficult terrain.Guaitil PlantThis tree produces a natural dye that the native use to use to paint their bodies for special rituals.Bromelia Pinguin PlantThis plant is related to the pineapple and is protect in the Guanacaste Conservation Area.Coevolution Acacia PlantLearn about the communication between this plant and ants.
Scene 117 Intro National ParkGuanacaste National Park was the second national park created thanks to Jose Figueres Ferrer.
Scene 118 Atelia Herbert Smith IIThis self-pollinating tree was once thought to only be found in Costa Rica.
Scene 119 La CasonaThis icon of Santa Rosa National Park has a long hisotry, including a battle in the war against William Walker.
Scene 120 Guanacaste Conservation AreaThanks to donations from students and colleges, more property could be purchased, and now nine out of the 12 life zones Costa Rica are protected.
Scene 121 Santa Elena GeologySanta Elena is know as one of the oldest landforms in Central America, thanks to two types of rock found there: Peridotite and Ophiolite.
Scene 122 Avicennia MangroveTreeThe mangrove tree's salt filtration, and discussion of the surrounding ecosystem including crabs and bull sharks.Mangrove ForestThis mangrove forest is the habitat for the fish that we consume and is one of the main reason is protected
Scene 123 Plate TectonicsA discussion of plate tectonics and their role in forming Costa Rica.Weather Patterns, Unique Environments, and Climate ChangeLearn about the weather patterns and currents that help create Costa Rica's unique costal environment.
Scene 124 Ironwood TreeThis tree is endangered because of its wood's utility in a number of industries.
Scene 125 Nicaragua BorderSalinas Bay is very important for the production of salt and it is also a popular recreational area for wind and kite surfing.
Scene 126 Environmental ConservationOverview and history of Costa Rica's environmental conservation and eco-tourism.Finca Los WilasA walk through Los Wilas Farm and discussion of their vision and the various plants to be found there.Finca Los WilasContinuing the tour of the grounds and further discussion about their approach and native flora.Finca Los WilasThe tour of this lush, verdent land continues.Finca Los WilasReturning to the homestead and finishing the tour of the garden.Finca Los WilasContinuing the tour of the grounds and further discussion about the native flora and fruit bearing plants.
Scene 127 Welcome to Institute of Coffee Costa RicaICAFE is the Institute of Coffee of Costa Rica, which regulates exportation and importation.Vision and MissionICAFE's mission is to promote Costa Rica as the main laboratory of coffee in the region, where the top research occures.
Scene 128 Reduction of ResourcesTechnology and improved practices help to reduce the consumption of water and electricity used to process coffee.
Scene 130 Drying MethodsImproving the process to be more efficient, and the use of pulp to make pellets to be more sustainable.
Scene 131 Quality and Tasting ControlAll exported coffee needs to pass through this room to be tasted and to store small sample batches.
Scene 132 SustainabilityThe techniques and research that goes into making coffee cultivation as sustainable as possibleTime Warp: Coffee PlantationTime Warp: Walking through coffee fields.
Scene 133 Quality of CoffeeGreen bean coffee can be tested to screen for potential problems with fungus or humidity.
Scene 134 Plasma EquipmentSamples are heated to 10,000 degrees in order to analyze its chemical properties.Analysis RoomAn extracted sample of coffee is analyzed for 20 to 30 minutes to determine its nutritional content.
Scene 135 Soil AnalysisStudying the soil of the coffee plantations is important to understand what nutrients might be deficient.Example of a Coffee LeafSample of a coffee leaf ready to be studied in the plasma equipment.
Scene 136 Ochratoxin AnalysisA sample ground and prepared for analysis.Analytical Balance RoomPreparing to analyze a sample to determine its chemical and nutrient profile.
Scene 137 Roots Growing ResearchAn experiement to study the root systems which grow with different types of soil.GreenhouseStudying the components of the soil and then testing different fertilizer to find the best match for each coffee plantation.
Scene 138 Meet BrandonBrandon, our guide at the coffee plantation, tells us a bit about his background.Coffee PlantationAn introduction and overview of the coffee plantation as we walk through the rows of coffee.
Scene 139 Origins of CoffeeA brief history of coffee: Traveling from Ethiopia all the way to Central America.Coffee GerminationThe cultivation process from germination to harvest.
Scene 140 Don Juan OverviewWalkthrough a green trail nature preserve and discussing environmental practices on the plantation.
Scene 141 Harvesting BasketHarvesting coffee- equipement, strategies and dangers.
Scene 142 Coffee Harvesting and VarietiesThere are different ways to get a unique coffee including the methods of drying and fermentation.
Scene 143 Peeling CoffeePeeling and sorting machines are used to make the work more efficient.
Scene 144 Coffee Storage and RoastingHere coffee is roasted manually, which requires a lot of patience, dedication and knowledge.Coffee PackagingPreparing the packaging and explaining the process.Products and ShippingShowing the final product, ready to be bought and shipped.Exports and Regulations - Discussing variables the impact the price of coffee, selling it in large quantaties, and the "Taza de la Excelencia" prize. /Products and ShippingDifferent products and pricing.
Scene 145 Meet Don JuanDon Juan is the founder of this coffee farm. He tells us about his daily work on the plantation.
Scene 146 Organic Pineapple Farm Intro'Organic Paradise' is a small organic pineapple plantation that has been in operation for 10 years and exports to different parts of the world.Keep It OrganicThe process for growing organic pineapples, and how this effects the farm's efficiency.Organic Pineapple Farm PlantingThe basics of pineapple farming- bedding, irrigation, planting, harvesting and reusing the crowns to grow more pineapples.Organic Pineapple Farm –
Scene 147 Harvesting and ReplantingHow and how many times the pineapple plants are harvested.History of PineappleA brief history of the pineapple from Christopher Columbus to modern cultivation.Quality ControlSampling a pineapple in the field, and a demonstration for slicing them at home.Meet MaikolMaikol tells us about his background and history at the pineapple plantation.Second CropThe team work of harvesting pineapple, and sorting them for various uses.
Scene 148 Ideal PineappleHow to choose the best pineapple at the grocery store.