COsta Rica

Science – Costa Rica

Costa Rica has an international reputation as a leader in sustainability and environmental protection. How did a small country in Central America with 6% of the world’s biodiversity establish global standards for conservation and regeneration in less than 80 years?

To answer this question we will meet with experts in the field, from diverse areas of study, to take a deeper look at their efforts, vision, research and challenges to discover their passion and love for nature. We will follow the trade winds from coast to coast while discovering various life zones, endangered species and protected areas.

We will explore the fascinating geology of Costa Rica and its active volcanoes, the endemic species of the misty cloudforest that are at threat due to climate change, the rare Tropical Dry Wood Forest of the Pacific, the dense rainforests of the Caribbean, the one thousand shades of green that can be found in the Amazon of Central America, Tortuguero and the thriving indigenous communities in Talamanca.

Further, we will visit agricultural businesses that choose environmentally-friendly means of production, opposed to mass production, to allow the land sufficient time for regeneration.

Additionally, we’ll visit the Costa Rican Institute of Coffee to understand the chemistry that is behind understanding which coffee can withstand different climates, reduce impact on the environment and yield a better product. Throughout this journey we will meet with wonderful locals to understand the pulse of this incredible country and discover the true meaning of Pura Vida.

  • Plate Tectonics
  • Volcanic processes and materials
  • Geo-Physics
  • Geo-Chemistry
  • Seismology
  • Weather patterns
  • Microclimates
  • Speciation of native plants and animals (vertebrate and invertebrate)
  • Biodiversity
  • Invasive Species
  • Biodiversity (Life zones and biodiversity in Costa Rica)
  • Field sampling techniques on geotermia
  • Rainforests
  • Mangrove forests
  • Climate change and beach erosion
  • Sea Turtles (Biology of Sea
  • Turtles, Ecology of Sea Turtles, Critical habitats, Threats, Reproduction,
  • Lifecycle, Covid and Conservation or Sea Turtles, Malformation of sea turtle embryos, 2020 Results)
  • Regulation of natural resources (Law and wildlife conservation in Costa Rica)
  • Conservation (Pacuare Reserve, 31 years of conservation)
  • Environmental
  • Protection
  • Conservation (From the view of indigenous of Talamanca)
    Field sampling techniques ( Sea Turtles)
  • Eco and Sustainable
  • Tourism
  • Coffee Institute of Costa Rica (Icafe)
  • Sustainable Farming and
  • Environmental Education and much more!
Limon: Tortuguero, Pacuare, Cahuita, Bribri San Carlos: La Fortuna, Puntarenas: Monteverde, Guanacaste / Alajuela: Palo Verde, Rincón de la Vieja, Santa Rosa, Guanacaste, Tenorio, Heredia: Icafe

Tortuguero National Park, Cahuita National Park, Bribri Indigenous Reserve, Pacuare Reserve, Arenal Volcano National Park, Tenorio National Park, Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Palo Verde National Park, Rincón de la Vieja National Park, Santa Rosa National Park, Costa Rica Institute of Coffee, Paradise Organic Pineapple Farm, Don Juan Coffee Farm and much more!

Scene 1
Welcome to Costa Rica
Introduction to Costa Rica, a small country which contains more than 5% of the world's biodiversity.

Scene 2
Time Warp: Pacuare Reserve Arrival
Time Warp: Boat trip towards Pacuare reserve.
Marvin's Story
Marvin, one of our guides in Costa Rica introduces himself.

Scene 3
Meet Claudio
Claudio, an expert on sea turtles introduces himself and what led him to study sea turtles.
Arial views of Pacuare and the shore line.

Scene 4
Welcome to Pacuare Reserve
Pacuare reserve is a great example of success in conservation. Over the last 31 years they've created one of the most important beaches for Leatherback Turtle nesting.
Environmental Protection
This small country has almost 26% of its land protected as National Parks and what laws protect the wildlife.

Scene 5
Blue Flag Water Protection
The Blue Flag that certifies clean and unpolluted water.
Savage Bullfrog
The nocturnal Savage Bullfrog is the biggest of its kind.
Red eyed Tree Frog
In the search of the most colorful and special frog: the Redeyed Tree Frog.

Scene 6
Aquatic Veterinarian's Needed
The nature reserve and their research into turtle nests and hatchlings. As well, discussion of their limitations and needs for partnerships to further their research.
Data Collection
Research is the most important part of the reserve, with the main goal of understanding the threats to the sea turtle population.

Scene 7
Boa Constrictor
This snake can grow up to 6 feet, and is one of the strongest snakes in Costa Rica.
Sea Turtle Monitoring
Claudio describes some of the methods used in gathering data about sea turtle nests.

Scene 8
Sea Turtle Nest Overview
Protective canisters cover the nests, in order to mitigate the predation of other animals and also to provide the right amount of shade.

Scene 9
Threats of Climate Change
The impact that climate change has had on the nesting of the sea turtles.

Scene 10
Intro to Volunteer Training
Learning step-by-step how to work with a sea turtle during research.
Time Warp: Sand Sea Turtle
Time Warp: Creating a sand turtle for volunteer training

Scene 11
Species of Sea Turtles
Overview of the local species of sea turtles in Costa Rica.
Conservation and COVID
Reveiwing the data and impact of the reserve. The impact of COVID is also discussed.
Tico Trivia
Claudio gives rapid-fire answers to common questions about sea turtles.
Nest Relocation
Because of COVID, some nests had to be relocated- the reasons for, and impacts of this action.
Volunteer Experience
Volunteering rates were impacted by the pandemic- the impact this understaffing had on the sea turtles' nests.

Scene 12
Hatchlings Release
Hatchlings of the Green Turtle in Pacuare.
Hatchling Biometrics
Collecting as much data possible from the hatchling before they are released, 15 were collected to weigh and measure before being released.

Scene 13
Exhumation Hatchling Success Rate
Sampling the hatch rate of the eggs, and then studying the unhatched.
Hatchling Release
Exhuming a nest is key for gathering data, and informing us about the reasons some hatchlings don't make it to the surface.

Scene 14
Hembra Ocelote (Leopardus Pardalis) - Trap cameras are put in specific locations to track animals in the wild and to better understand their behavior.
Zariguella (Didelphis Marsupialis Depredando Cangrejo)
Trap camera: Opossum.
Tamandua Mexicana - Trap camera: Tamandua Mexicana
Tepezcuintle (Agouti Paca)
Trap cameras: Lowland Paca.
Mapache Boreal (Procyon Lotor)
Trap camera: Racoon.
Trap camera: Iguana.
Tolomuco (Eira Barbara)
Trap camera: Tayra.
Roadside Hawk (Rupornis Magnirostris)
Trap camera: Roadside Hawk.
Saíno (Tayassu Tajacu)
Trap camera: Collard Peccary

Musk Hog.
Pavon (Crax Rubra)
Trap camera: Great Curassow.
Veil Mushroom
Trap camera: Veil Mushroom and Ants.
Jaguar (Panthera Onca)
Trap camera: Jaguar.

Scene 15
Reserve Departure - Time Warp: Departuring from the nature reserve by boat. /Departure and Invitation
Departing Reserva Pacuare, and a few words from the team.

Scene 16
Cahuita Welcome
Welcome to Cahuita National Park.

Scene 17
Cahuita National Park Introduction
Introduction to Cahuita National Park, a place where one can find monkeys, toucans, sloths and also and amazing coral reef.
Meet Ludrick
Our local guide Ludrick, introduces himself and talks about growing up in Costa Rica.

Scene 18
Green Iguana
A green iguana sunbathing to regulated its body temperature.
National Park
Time Warp: Walking through Cahuita National Park.

Scene 19
Paper Wasps
Paper wasps are very aggressive and they create their hive from tree sap.

Scene 20
Two Toed Sloth
Viewing and discussing two-toed sloths.

Scene 21
Army Ants
Viewing and discussing army ants.

Scene 22
Leafcutter Ants
Colonies can reach five million members, making these little animals some most effective workers in the rainforest.

Scene 23
Long-Nosed Bats
Part of the largest family of mammals in the world.
Tent Making Bats
Tent making bats are very special architects, being skilled enough to bend leaves for shelter.

Scene 24
Cahuita Termites
Termites in the rainforest can be used in a variety of unexpected ways.

Scene 25
Green Basilisk Lizard
Green basilisk lizards and their unique abilities.

Scene 26
Marine Diversity
A walk along the shore to discuss the some of the marine life found in the area.

Scene 27
Howler and White Face Capuchin Monkeys
Walking through the park we get a close view of several monkeys in the trees.

Scene 28
Sea Bean
The monkey heart seed, it's qualities and uses.
Hunting Callsand Tools
Hunting calls, and traditional weapons.
Bribri Intro
Catato is a local member of the indigenous Bribri tribe. He will show us how to make a natural rope from the fiber of a plant.

Scene 29
Turmeric: A traditional medicinal plant with a high concentration of antioxidants.
The various uses of the calabash gourd.

Scene 30
Bribri Cacao
Opening a cacao fruit and its flavor.

Scene 31
Bribri Nutmeg - Bribri Nutmeg
The Nutmeg tree, its seed and its use in traditional medicine.

Scene 32
Bribri Achiote
The achiote and its culinary and ritual uses.
Pita Rope
This natural fiber is used to build hamacoks, neckless, etc.

Scene 33
Walking Palm
A member of the coconut family, this palm tree, whose wood is used in a variety of ways, can move to find more sunlight.
Glue Tree
The fruit of this tree is used to create glue.
Indigo and Rubber Tree
Learn about the natural blue dye from the indigo plant and also the rubber tree.

Scene 34
Tree and Traditional Clothing
The bark of the Mastate was traditionally used to create a material very similar in texture to leather, which the natives used to create clothing.

Scene 35
Shaman House
The most important building of their Bribri community is the Shaman's house, because it is the place were they teach the kids about their culture, and also were they practice traditional shamanism.
Dart Frogs
Discussion of local dart frogs while visiting a habitat made for them.

Scene 36
Stevia and Cacao Tree
Natural sugar from this medicinal plant, and also; the pollination and fruit of the cacao tree.

Scene 37
Noni, Anis and Cinnamon
Different types of natural medicine found in the tropical forest.

Scene 38
Toasting Cacao
A brief history of cacao. First step in making hot chocolate: Roasting the cacao.
Hot Cacao
Fourth and final step: Mixing the paste into hot water.
Grinding Cacao
Third step: Grinding the pulvarized beans into a paste.
Peeling Cacaco
Second step in making hot chocolate: Separating the beans form the shells.
Meet the Family and Project
Tito, the eldest son of Catato, gives us a brief history of their small business.

Scene 39
Preparing Coconuts
Local farmer talks about harvesting coconuts and what goes into a day's work
Preparing Coconuts 360°
Overview of the process of peeling coconuts.

Scene 40
Arial view of deforestation in favor of a banana plantation.
Time Warp: Pavones
Time Warp: Travel to Pavones.

Scene 41
Preparing Coconuts
Learn about coconuts: how to peel them and how much they cost.
Time Warp: Tortuguero River
Time Warp: Tortuguero River

Scene 42
Tortuguero Introduction
Tortuguero is a rich ecosystem thanks to the sedimentation coming from the highlands of Costa Rica.
Tortuguero Spider Monkeys
This type of monkey is the most flexible and faster mover of the local monkey species, their diet is mostly base on fruit.

Scene 43
Sustainability and Tradition
Tortuguero was a place for poaching eggs, but more recently, conservation became the main goal of this town.
Guava Ice Cream Bean
Showing and discussing a local favorite.
Arial views above Tortuguero.
Mature Coconuts
The effort required to husk a mature coconut.
Opening Coconut
Opening a coconut to enjoy its milk.
Young Coconut
A convenient way to retrieve the meat of the coconut.

Scene 44
Great Green Macaw
These amazing animals are vulnerable because of hunting for their feathers, but in the recent years we have seen the population increasing in this area.
Town Walk
A walk through the town with an avian cameo.

Scene 45
Ready to Go
Adventure awaits in the "Mini-Amazon of Central America.

Scene 46
Tortuguero River Introduction
An introduction to the river and its surroundings.

Scene 47
Introduction to Species
Upon a canoe, we are introduced to some of the species found in the Tortuguero River.

Scene 48
Aquatic Vegetation
The types of creatures attracted to these habitats of aquatic vegetation.
River Otter
River Otters, their diet and bravery.
SAA 360° Global Learning | Green Heron Yellow Crown Night Heron
Spotting a Green Heron and discussing its clever fishing techniques, followed by a Yellow Crown Night Heron.
River Otters
A glimpse of a piar of river otters as they swim.

Scene 49
Green Iguana
Viewing and discussing male green iguanas.
Green Iguana
The "chicken of the tree" is a part of the diet of the locals of Tortuguero.
Tree Conservation and Macaw
This mountain almond tree is the main source of food for the Great Green Macaw.
Logging and Reforestation
In the past, Tortuguero was a land used for logging, but this reality has changed thanks to conservation efforts.

Scene 50
Purple Gallnue Bird
An acuatic bird which nests in the vegetation.
Anhinga Bird
After fishing, the anhinga needs to go to a branch to dry the feathers.
Great Potoo
Potoo are hard to find because of their exceptional camouflage and nocturnal nature.
Viewing a pair of Jacana as they search for food in the water, discussion of their breeding habits as well.
Snake Dog Bird
Various behaviors or discussed while one is perched on a nearby branch.

Scene 51
Rafia Palm
This plant was used to be used for roofs of houses.
Monkey Fruit
Picking and discussing Monkey Fruit.
Howler Monkey Calls
Listening to, and discussing the calls of howler monkeys.
Spectacled Caiman
Discussing the spectacled caiman.
Common Slider Turtle
Discussion of their behavior as we view one sunbathing upon a log.

Scene 52
Long Nose Bats
Long nosed bats are the natural control of pests like mosquitoes.
Time Warp: Canals
Time Warp: The canals of Tortuguero.
Jungle Canal
A canoe ride through the jungle.

Scene 53
Sea Turtle Conservancy
The Sea Turtle Conservancy was the pioneer of conservation in Tortuguero. Dr. Archie Carr was one of the first to realize the value of this place.
Sea Turtle Conservancy 360°
A tour through the conservatory's museum.

Scene 54
Nesting Beach
Introduction to the town and beach of Tortuguero, as wall as an introduction to one of the data collection methods.

Scene 55
Rio Frio Breakfast Buffet
Viewing and describing typical, local breakfast options.

Scene 57
Arenal Volcano Night Hike
Walking to the top of Arenal Volcano to make sunrise videos.

Scene 58
Night Hike
Starting on the night hike, and sharing some of the town's history and development.

Scene 59
Night Hike Steam Vents
These areas that are releasing heat are sign of an active volcano, and they are a perfect area for mold and ferns to grow.
Steam Vents
Arriving at the steam vents during the night hike.

Scene 60
Volcano Sunrise
Sunrise from atop Arenal Volcano.
Time Warp: Volcano Sunrise
Time Warp: Sunrise from Arenal Volcano.

Scene 61
Sunrise Steam
Glimpsing the sunrise through the steam and fog.

Scene 62
Steam Vents Walk
Looking over the valley from atop the Arenal Volcano.
Arenal Volcano
Arial views of the Arenal Volcano.

Scene 63
Post Hike Walk
Walking back down Arenal Volcano.

Scene 64
Rio Fortuna Waterfall
Arial views of the waterfall.

Scene 65
Meet Don Juan
This sustainable farm is guided by the pillars of: Production, Education and Conservation.
Don Juan Educational Farm
Arial views and introduction to the farm and its mission.

Scene 66
Medicinal Plants
Introduction to plants used in traditional medicine, which are grown at the farm.

Scene 67
Cassava Harvesting
Learn how to harvest a cassava and which are the toxic layers that protect, and which we consume.

Scene 68
Learn about mathematics at work in the fields.

Scene 69
Used as s water container as well as souvenirs.

Scene 70
Pollinator Gardens
Discussion of the role of beesm flowers and pollination on the farm.

Scene 71
Catching a freshwater tilapia.

Scene 72
Walking through a papaya orchard and discussing the trees and their fruit.

Scene 73
How to make Moringa Juice. Moringa is used in traditional medicine and it's proported benefits are mentioned.

Scene 74
Fill The Bucket
A friendly competition to fill the bucket with sand.

Scene 75
Educational Farm Biogas
Biogas is produced thanks to leftover food and the excrement of cows and pigs.

Scene 76
We see lunch being prepared and learn a bit about what is cooking.

Scene 77
Extracting Sugar Cane Juice
Using the "trapiche" we see sugarcane can be processed.
Sugar Cane Treats
Traditional sugarcane candy.
Raw Sugarcane
Enjoying raw sugarcane.

Scene 78
Marimba Music
The marimba is the national instrument of Costa Rica- A brief history and demonstrations.

Scene 79
Tree of Peace
Views and discussion of the "Tree of Peace."

Scene 80
Tenorio Caldosas
Enjoying a typical, local snack before entering the park.

Scene 81
Tenorio National Park Rainforest
Rainforests play host to a great competition between species trying to get as much sunlight as possible.
Rufous Tailed Hummingbird
Watching the beautiful Rufous-Tailed Hummingbird, the most common in Costa Rica.

Scene 82
These huge mammals play an important role in the local ecosystem.

Scene 83
Rainforest Interconnection
The forest is interconnected, sharing nutrients. The role of decomposition and fungus in this process.

Scene 84
Tapir Tracks
The tapir plays a very important in the ecosystem, like dispersion of seed along the forest. Examining its droppings and spotting some fresh tracks.
Tapir Sighting
The dark form of a tapir can be spotted moving through the foliage.

Scene 85
TimeWarp: Rio Celeste
Time Warp: Walking to the Rio Celeste waterfall.
Rio Celeste Waterfall 360°
Arial views of the Rio Celeste Waterfall.

Scene 86
Rio Celeste Waterfall
Introduction to this beautiful waterfall and teasing the cause of its remarkable color.

Scene 87
Tenorio volcano has an interesting formation known as an "escudo" shape having 3 craters.

Scene 88
The focus of the National Park's research is monitoring the tapir also birds migrations.
Meet The Ranger
Isaac is the director of research and the administrator in the Tenorio National Park.

Scene 89
Volcanic Gas
This is a crack in the earth's crust that allows gas to mix with the water to create "borbollones"

Scene 90
The combination of the concentration of aluminum silicate in the River Buena Vista mixed with the Rio Agrio which has a very high Ph level creates this brillant color.
The Myth of Rio Celeste
Tenory and Eskameca: The story of the chief's wife, who was bathing in a lake where she was attack by a monster.

Scene 91
Wind Patterns, Climate Change and Life Zones
Cloud forests are formed by the intertwining wind patterns which creates condensation at the top of the mountains.
Conservation, Sustainable Tourism and Research
Science played an important role in Monteverde's transformation from a dairy farm to one of the most researched cloud forests in the world.
Introduction to Monteverde
Monteverde is a cloud forest located in the Tilaran Mountain range, where a community of Quakers arrived in 1951.
Tico Trivia
A round of "Tico Trivia" with facts about Costa Rica.

Scene 92
Climate Change
Discussion of the negative impacts of climate change.
History of CCT
Centro Cientifico Tropical is a nonprofit organization founded in 1961, focusing on deeper study of the rain forest.
Meet CCT
Fabricio and Silvia, employees of CCT, tell us their story of getting in to the world of nature.
Monteverde is one of the most studied cloud forests in the world, with more that 3,200 species of plants, it is a special climate for flora and fauna.
Arial views of Monteverde.

Scene 93
Children's Eternal Rainforest
The biggest non-profit nature reserve in Costa Rica, which was founded in 1986 thanks to the donation of students from Sweden.

Scene 94
Rice Fields Roseate Spoonbill
One of the most colourful aquatic birds in Costa Rica, they have a specialized bill.

Scene 95
Meet OET - Introduction to OET
The Organization for Tropical Studies.

Scene 96
Botanists collect plant species for the herbarium, to keep track of new ones and compare them with others.

Scene 97
Park History
History of the park- Its transformation from a cattle ranch to a national park.

Scene 98
Street Vendor Coati
A vendor selling and describing some local dishes, including "Rosquillas Guanacastecas."
Street Vendor Coati
"Gordo" a friendly coatimundi.

Scene 99
Rincon de la Vieja
Arial views accompanied by an introduction to Rincon de la Vieja.

Scene 100
A mechanism to study the interior of the Earth.
Water Chemistry
Studying water chemistry is important to better understanding volcanic activity.
Types of Heat Transfer
The three ways of transporting the heat are: conduction, radiation and convection.
Gino tells us how he fell in love with the geology and volcanology.

Scene 101
These primitive organisms adapt to this extreme environment in very high temperatures.

Scene 102
Taking Field Samples
Collecting samples to study at the laboratory, we will learn about the different tools we can use to collect data.

Scene 103
Sauna Below
The odor of the gases released from a hot spring and their sources.
Fumarole Sauna
Entering the sauna.

Scene 104
Explanation of the different colors in the rocks.

Scene 105
Volcanoes and Threats
Acid rain, pyroclastic flow and ash falling are the biggest threats to people living near a volcano.
Time Warp: Lava Flow
Time Warp: Walking over one of the newest lava flows.
Anatomy of Volcano
Examining and explaning a previous lava flow, including how the nature of the crystalization can yield data.
Anatomy of Volcano
Further discussion of the lava flow and signs of volcanic activity.

Scene 106
Lahar Deposits
Evidence and warning signs of volcanic activity.
Lahar Fall
A violent mudflow caused by volcanic activity.

Scene 107
Long-tail Manaking and Local Bird Species
Mating behavior and general discussion on this local species.
Natural Mineral Spring
This river, though not as hot as most, still has a strong concentration of minerals but isn't very informative about volcanic activity.

Scene 108
Community and Volcano
The impact of nearby active volcanoes on a local community.
Meet The Deputy Mayor
The Mayor's office is responsible for the safety of the community and to be prepared for volcanic activity.

Scene 109
Keel Billed Toucan
This amazing toucan is the second largest of the six species found in Costa Rica.
Geothermal Tourism
Discussions with a resort owner and a volcanologist on how the nearby geothermal energy facilitiy can have a negative effect on the natural hot springs of their resort.

Scene 110
Super Volcano
Explanation of volcanic processes and views of the crater of an extinct super volcano.
Geomorphology is the record we have of volcanic activity.

Scene 111
Stratigraphy and Projections
Stratigraphy and the study of volcanic strata.
Stratigraphy and Layers
Intorduction and explanation of the field work that goes into stratigraphy.

Scene 112
Tectonic Plates
Learn about the subduction of tectonic plates and how it produces magma.
Geol His Costa Rica
Costa Rica is young and very dynamic land mass because of the two tectonic plates and the surrounding volcanoes.
Quiz Challenge
Many questions about volcanoes are answered by to Gino, in two minutes.

Scene 113
Meet Andres
We meet Andres and he explains how he fell in love with nature.
Tropical Dry Forest
Walking through a native tropical dry forest, discussing it and some of the fauna found therein.
Day Plan
Overview of the day's plan and route to visit Guiniquil and the border of Costa RIca and Nicaragua.
Time Warp: Santa Rosa
Time Warp: Driving to Santa Rosa.

Scene 114
Black Iguana
A common reptile in the Guanacaste conservation area, they play an important role in the forest spreading seeds.

Scene 115
Forest Restoration
The restoration process and it's impact.
Invasive Species (Jaragua Grass)
This invasive grass was introduced in the 1800's for cattle grazing.

Scene 116
Erythroxylum Havanense Plant
This is small plant is a relative of the famous Erythroxylum Coca from South America.
Chicle Tree
The Chicle Tree has a very special sap that was used for producing chewing gum.
Banisteriopsis Muricata Plant
A beautiful local flowering plant which grows even in difficult terrain.
Guaitil Plant
This tree produces a natural dye that the native use to use to paint their bodies for special rituals.
Bromelia Pinguin Plant
This plant is related to the pineapple and is protect in the Guanacaste Conservation Area.
Coevolution Acacia Plant
Learn about the communication between this plant and ants.

Scene 117
Intro National Park
Guanacaste National Park was the second national park created thanks to Jose Figueres Ferrer.

Scene 118
Atelia Herbert Smith II
This self-pollinating tree was once thought to only be found in Costa Rica.

Scene 119
La Casona
This icon of Santa Rosa National Park has a long hisotry, including a battle in the war against William Walker.

Scene 120
Guanacaste Conservation Area
Thanks to donations from students and colleges, more property could be purchased, and now nine out of the 12 life zones Costa Rica are protected.

Scene 121
Santa Elena Geology
Santa Elena is know as one of the oldest landforms in Central America, thanks to two types of rock found there: Peridotite and Ophiolite.

Scene 122
Avicennia MangroveTree
The mangrove tree's salt filtration, and discussion of the surrounding ecosystem including crabs and bull sharks.
Mangrove Forest
This mangrove forest is the habitat for the fish that we consume and is one of the main reason is protected

Scene 123
Plate Tectonics
A discussion of plate tectonics and their role in forming Costa Rica.
Weather Patterns, Unique Environments, and Climate Change
Learn about the weather patterns and currents that help create Costa Rica's unique costal environment.

Scene 124
Ironwood Tree
This tree is endangered because of its wood's utility in a number of industries.

Scene 125
Nicaragua Border
Salinas Bay is very important for the production of salt and it is also a popular recreational area for wind and kite surfing.

Scene 126
Environmental Conservation
Overview and history of Costa Rica's environmental conservation and eco-tourism.
Finca Los Wilas
A walk through Los Wilas Farm and discussion of their vision and the various plants to be found there.
Finca Los Wilas
Continuing the tour of the grounds and further discussion about their approach and native flora.
Finca Los Wilas
The tour of this lush, verdent land continues.
Finca Los Wilas
Returning to the homestead and finishing the tour of the garden.
Finca Los Wilas
Continuing the tour of the grounds and further discussion about the native flora and fruit bearing plants.

Scene 127
Welcome to Institute of Coffee Costa Rica
ICAFE is the Institute of Coffee of Costa Rica, which regulates exportation and importation.
Vision and Mission
ICAFE's mission is to promote Costa Rica as the main laboratory of coffee in the region, where the top research occures.

Scene 128
Reduction of Resources
Technology and improved practices help to reduce the consumption of water and electricity used to process coffee.

Scene 130
Drying Methods
Improving the process to be more efficient, and the use of pulp to make pellets to be more sustainable.

Scene 131
Quality and Tasting Control
All exported coffee needs to pass through this room to be tasted and to store small sample batches.

Scene 132
The techniques and research that goes into making coffee cultivation as sustainable as possible
Time Warp: Coffee Plantation
Time Warp: Walking through coffee fields.

Scene 133
Quality of Coffee
Green bean coffee can be tested to screen for potential problems with fungus or humidity.

Scene 134
Plasma Equipment
Samples are heated to 10,000 degrees in order to analyze its chemical properties.
Analysis Room
An extracted sample of coffee is analyzed for 20 to 30 minutes to determine its nutritional content.

Scene 135
Soil Analysis
Studying the soil of the coffee plantations is important to understand what nutrients might be deficient.
Example of a Coffee Leaf
Sample of a coffee leaf ready to be studied in the plasma equipment.

Scene 136
Ochratoxin Analysis
A sample ground and prepared for analysis.
Analytical Balance Room
Preparing to analyze a sample to determine its chemical and nutrient profile.

Scene 137
Roots Growing Research
An experiement to study the root systems which grow with different types of soil.
Studying the components of the soil and then testing different fertilizer to find the best match for each coffee plantation.

Scene 138
Meet Brandon
Brandon, our guide at the coffee plantation, tells us a bit about his background.
Coffee Plantation
An introduction and overview of the coffee plantation as we walk through the rows of coffee.

Scene 139
Origins of Coffee
A brief history of coffee: Traveling from Ethiopia all the way to Central America.
Coffee Germination
The cultivation process from germination to harvest.

Scene 140
Don Juan Overview
Walkthrough a green trail nature preserve and discussing environmental practices on the plantation.

Scene 141
Harvesting Basket
Harvesting coffee- equipement, strategies and dangers.

Scene 142
Coffee Harvesting and Varieties
There are different ways to get a unique coffee including the methods of drying and fermentation.

Scene 143
Peeling Coffee
Peeling and sorting machines are used to make the work more efficient.

Scene 144
Coffee Storage and Roasting
Here coffee is roasted manually, which requires a lot of patience, dedication and knowledge.
Coffee Packaging
Preparing the packaging and explaining the process.
Products and Shipping
Showing the final product, ready to be bought and shipped.
Exports and Regulations - Discussing variables the impact the price of coffee, selling it in large quantaties, and the "Taza de la Excelencia" prize. /Products and Shipping
Different products and pricing.

Scene 145
Meet Don Juan
Don Juan is the founder of this coffee farm. He tells us about his daily work on the plantation.

Scene 146
Organic Pineapple Farm Intro
'Organic Paradise' is a small organic pineapple plantation that has been in operation for 10 years and exports to different parts of the world.
Keep It Organic
The process for growing organic pineapples, and how this effects the farm's efficiency.
Organic Pineapple Farm Planting
The basics of pineapple farming- bedding, irrigation, planting, harvesting and reusing the crowns to grow more pineapples.

Organic Pineapple Farm –

Scene 147
Harvesting and Replanting
How and how many times the pineapple plants are harvested.
History of Pineapple
A brief history of the pineapple from Christopher Columbus to modern cultivation.
Quality Control
Sampling a pineapple in the field, and a demonstration for slicing them at home.
Meet Maikol
Maikol tells us about his background and history at the pineapple plantation.
Second Crop
The team work of harvesting pineapple, and sorting them for various uses.

Scene 148
Ideal Pineapple
How to choose the best pineapple at the grocery store.